Balikpapan – Kalimantan Institute of Technology The ITK Research Team chaired by Achmad Ghozali, S.T., M.T., succeeded in finding a spatial pattern of the development of Covid-19 cases in Balikpapan City. This research was able to be carried out properly thanks to the LPPM ITK grant. This spatial pattern of development is very useful in seeing the growth points of Covid-19 cases, not only from the growth in the number of active people, but also from the level of density of points or the value of events/cases.
This research is motivated by the urgency to see the growth of Covid-19 cases by adding a perspective of case density, in each village in Balikpapan City. Balikpapan City has a population of 667,188 people (BPS, 2019). Balikpapan City is the gateway to the provinces of East Kalimantan and North Kalimantan. This condition makes Balikpapan City the epicenter of the distribution process and population movement. This can be proven by the high population migration rate of 3.42% in Balikpapan City (Nurul et al, 2015)
The results of the Emerging Hotspot analysis show that there are 2 types of temporal hotspots in Balikpapan City related to this active case of COVID-19, including:
- Sporadic Hotspot: is an area that is an active-back and then passive-again hot spot. Villages that are sporadic hotspots are Manggar, Sepinggan Baru, Sepinggan, and Batu Ampar.
- The Oscillating Hotspot is a statistically significant hot spot area for the last time step interval that has a history of also being statistically significant cold spots during previous time steps. Villages that fall into this category are Klandasan Ulu, Telaga Sari, Muara Rapak, Mount Samarinda in North Balikpapan District, and Mount Bahagia in Balikapan Tengah District.
From the results of this analysis, it is known that The Urban Areas of North Balikpapan and South Balikpapan are areas that have active cases of COVID-19 quite consistently historically although not every time they appear. In addition, in the 2nd wave of COVID-19 in Balikpapan City, new hotspots appeared from what was originally the coldspot area, namely Balikpapan City and North Balikpapan. Thus, it is hoped that the results of this study can contribute positively to the formulation of policies to prevent the spread of the Covid-19 virus in Balikpapan City.
Public Relations of Kalimantan Institute of Technology